Screening mothers who delivered infants via cesarean section, or who had undergone other surgical procedures, could reduce vertical transmission of HCV, according to findings presented at United European Gastroenterology Week in Vienna.
W. Abdel-Razek, MD, of the hepatology department, National Liver Institute at Menoufia University, Egypt, and colleagues, suggested that infants born to mothers with HCV are often not screened for the infection. Unscreened children and mothers, then, may cause both vertical and horizontal transmission.
The researchers conducted a prospective cohort study among 3,836 pregnant women with HCV in Egypt to investigate the factors associated with HCV transmission. All women were screened during the third trimester or just before delivery, while newborns of mothers with HCV were screened 24 hours after delivery.