The risk for hepatocellular carcinoma was low among patients with cirrhosis, with a 10-year incidence of 4% or lower, according to the results of a U.K. population-based cohort study.
While low overall, investigators found the incidence of HCC was highest among patients with cirrhosis due to chronic viral hepatitis compared with other etiologies.
“This very low incidence of HCC occurrence in people with cirrhosis caused by alcohol or of unknown origin suggests that surveillance for HCC among these groups is likely to benefit patients little,” Joe West, PhD, of the division of epidemiology and public health at the University of Nottingham in the U.K., said in a press release. “As surveillance incurs substantial cost, it is therefore unlikely to represent value for money for the NHS. There may well be other ways of spending this money that would benefit patients far more.”